A good percentage of us struggled with acne/pimples while growing up. I know I did. During my secondary school days, I could hardly remember a day I looked into the mirror without having to pinch one area of my face or another. My face looked so much like a bumpy Nigerian road.
Every 28 days or so, the top layer of skin cells are shed and replaced with new ones. But if for one reason or the other they don’t shed properly, there’s a tendency for the dead skin cells to clog the opening or pores on the skins’ surface, resulting to whiteheads and black heads depending on the depth of the clog. Acne is then formed when this clogged area is infected by bacteria.
Acne breakouts could be as a result of;
- Stress: Sleep and rest should not be taken for granted, there’s a reason why it’s called ‘beauty sleep’. Getting 7-8 hours of sleep daily enables the body and skin to work at their best. Try not to worry and stress about situations you can’t avoid.
- Hormones: For females, there are certain times in a month when you can’t help but notice zits all over the face. Sometimes it creeps to the chest, back, shoulders and upper arms and can be painful too. For teenagers, acne is also a reality for a good number of years because of the level of hormones raging on the inside. Once there’s a surge or plunge in hormones within the body, most times it results to changes on the skin which may include acne.
- Pollution (Oxidative stress): UV rays and automechanical fumes are two major sources of free radicals which put the health of ones’ skin at stake. Taking care to ensure minimum exposure will go a long way in maintaining optimum balance.
- Improper skincare regimen or hygiene: When one is ignorant of their skin-type and products that work well for them, they stand a chance of not giving their skin the best care that it needs. Try not to under-do it or over-do it.
- Poor diet: Eating a balanced meal, alongside green leafy vegetables and fruit most often reflect on the health of our skin. Carbonated and processed drinks should be avoided and replaced with pure water.
To treat or avoid acne breakouts, one can
- Exfoliate; for me, this is the most important step. Exfoliation is the process of removing dead skin cells from the top layer of the skin. With little or no dead skin cells to clog pores, it’s safe to say that there’ll be less and less breakouts. Care should be taken not to exfoliate too frequently as this may affect the skin adversely.
- Adopt a skin care regimen suitable for your skin type.
- Use anti-inflammatory products: this can be in form of supplements or topical creams. Anti-inflammatory products are almost always antioxidants, so this will help a lot combating oxidative stress. Omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin A, Hyaluronic acid, salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide are a few of the supplements and/or topical creams that can be used to control acne.
- Eat balanced meals, fruits and vegetables, drink lots of pure water.
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